RIGHTS OF A LANDLORD IN NIGERIA.

Index

Firstly, in Nigeria all lands are vested on the thirty-six Governors of the States of the Federation as guaranteed in our conservative and over-due for amendment; Land Use Act of 1978. Consequently, the Governors hold the whole land in trust for the people except those owned by Federal Government and its agencies. Owing to the above fact, a Governor can only grant a Rights of Occupancy for a certain period of time. To quickly understand this subject matter, please read my article; RIGHTS OF A TENANT.

A Governor does this by issuing a Certificate of Occupancy (C of O) to individuals (of not less than 18 years old) and registered bodies (ie, Companies, Corporations and Incorporated Trustees) for a certain term (usually 99 years) for either residential or commercial purposes. An infant or a Business Name cannot buy, own or sale a land in Nigeria. A foreigner has all rights to purchase and own a land in any part of Nigeria.  

In the common parlance, an individual or registered body on whom a right of occupancy is vested on is referred to as a “landlord”. Furthermore, a person who owns a house, a store, a warehouse or a park is equally referred to as a “landlord”. In adhering to rules of English language, a feminine landlord is referred to as a “landlady”. In a bid to provide a peaceful and enviable society, Nigeria has through her laws and conventions accorded a lot of rights to landlords although not without some duties. The said rights have prompted massive inflow of many investors into property acquisition and real estate investment in general. Some of the rights of a landlord are:


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Onyekachi Umah

Onyekachi Umah is a private Legal Practitioner with amazing experience in human right, criminal law and civil law including; pre-trial detention, human rights enforcement, intellectual property, transaction and regulation advisory, corporate, commercial, investment law and energy law as well as litigation and arbitration arising from them. He is a Legal Awareness Expert and also a Certified Arbitrator both in Nigeria and the United Kingdom. He is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (UK) and a Certified Conflict Management Practitioner and Negotiator. He is a member of prestigious “Young ICSID” of International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), Washington DC. Among other, he has a certificate in Law of Contract from a program of Harvard University, a certificate in International Environmental Negotiation from United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Geneva and recently, a certificate in Conflict Management from United States Institute of Peace, Washington, D.C. He also holds a master of laws degree and he is a doctoral student at the faculty of law, NSUK. 

Onyekachi is the managing partner of a leading law firm; Bezaleel Chambers International. He is the founder and President of a free law awareness platform known as www.LearnNigerianLaws.com that promotes awareness and understanding of rights and laws of Nigeria (#SabiLaw) and offers free daily law tips (#DailyLawTips). Understanding the challenges of Administration of Criminal Justice in Nigeria, he dedicates his daily law tips every Mondays to promoting Criminal Justice (#CriminalJusticeMonday). Recently, he started a new series on Election Laws tagged (#SabiElectionLaws) to increase legal awareness on elections laws, policies and regulations in Nigeria. He is the convener of the Sabi Law Lecture Series (#SabiLawLectureSeries), travelling around Nigeria delivering free law awareness lectures. He also organises and sponsors a quarterly competition, titled "Sabi Law Video Challenge" (#SabiLawVideoChallenge) where Nigerians win money (over $130.00 per winner) for making videos of themselves talking on any law or right as a way to promote law awareness and have fun. To further promote legal awareness among Nigerians across the world, he started a law awareness show titled "Sabi Law With Onyekachi Umah, Esq" (#SabiLawWithOnyekachiUmahEsq) showing on social media platforms via @LearnNigerianLaws.   

Mr. Umah has written over Four Hundred (400) free to access articles and materials on law with a desire to enlighten the public. He is also on the board of companies and non government organisations. Among others, he is serving as a member of the Advisory Committee for Law Clinics Partnership for Reforming Pre-trial Detention in Kuje Prison Project funded by the United States Department Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement. He is an executive member of the Pre-Trial Curriculum and Handbook Review Committee. For more selfless service, is a member of the Rotary Club of Abuja, Metro (RCAM), District 9125. He was featured as the Legal Personality of the Week by This Day Newspaper (a leading national newspaper) on its September 11, 2018 edition and was also featured on the NigeriaLawyer.com as the Legal Personality of the Week on November 14, 2018. He has won several honours and awards for his innovative legal practise across the world.

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